Readings & Websites

 Qi Gong – Tai Chi

  • Solloway, M.R., Taylor, S.L., Shekelle, P.G. et al. An evidence map of the effect of Tai Chi on health outcomes. Syst Rev 5, 126 (2016).
  • Klein PJBaumgarden JSchneider R. Qigong and Tai Chi as Therapeutic Exercise: Survey of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Addressing Physical Health Conditions. Altern Ther Health Med. 2019 Sep;25(5):48-53.
  • Wu, J. J., Zhang, Y. X., Du, W. S., Jiang, L. D., Jin, R. F., Yu, H. Y., Liu, J. M., & Han, M. (2019). Effect of Qigong on self-rating depression and anxiety scale scores of COPD patients: A meta-analysis. Medicine, 98(22), e15776.
  • Abbott, R., & Lavretsky, H. (2013). Tai chi and qigong for the treatment and prevention of mental disorders.Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 36(1), 109-119.
  • Chan, A. W., Yu, D. S., & Choi, K. C. (2017). Effects of tai chi qigong on psychosocial well-being among hidden elderly, using elderly neighborhood volunteer approach: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Clinical interventions in aging12, 85–96

Mindfulness Meditation 

  • Khoury BSharma MRush SEFournier C. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for healthy individuals: A meta-analysis. J Psychosom Res. 2015 Jun;78(6):519-28. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2015.03.009. Epub 2015 Mar 20.
  • Goyal M, Singh S, Sibinga EMS, Gould NF, Rowland-Seymour A, Sharma R, et al. Meditation programs for psychological stress and well-being: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(3):357-368.
  • la Cour, P., & Petersen, M. (2015). Effects of Mindfulness Meditation on Chronic Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Pain Medicine16(4), 641–652.
  • Creswell, J. D. (2017). Mindfulness Interventions. Annual Review of Psychology, 68(1), 491-516. doi:10.1146/annurev-psych-042716-051139

 Acupuncture - Acupressure

  • Vickers AJ, Cronin AM, Maschino AC, Lewith G, MacPherson H, Victor N, et al. Acupuncture for chronic pain: individual patient data meta-analysis. Arch Intern Med. 2012;172(19):1444-1453.
  • Honda, Y., Tsuda, A., & Horiuchi, S. (2012). Four-week self-administered acupressure improves depressive mood. Psychology, 3, 802.
  • Amorim, D., Amado, J., Brito, I., Fiuza, S. M., Amorim, N., Costeira, C., & Machado, J. (2018). Acupuncture and electroacupuncture for anxiety disorders: A systematic review of the clinical research. Complementary therapies in clinical practice31, 31–37.


  • Tripathy JP, Thakur JS. Integration of yoga with modern medicine for promotion of cardiovascular health. Int J Non-Commun Dis 2017; 2:64-8.
  • Huang, F. J., Chien, D. K., & Chung, U. L. (2013). Effects of Hatha yoga on stress in middle-aged women. Journal of Nursing Research21(1), 59-66.
  • Prathikanti, S., Rivera, R., Cochran, A., Tungol, J. G., Fayazmanesh, N., & Weinmann, E. (2017). Treating major depression with yoga: A prospective, randomized, controlled pilot trial. PloS one12(3), e0173869.
  • Gong, H., Ni, C., Shen, X., Wu, T., & Jiang, C. (2015). Yoga for prenatal depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Psychiatry, 15(1). doi:10.1186/s12888-015-0393-1
  • Khalsa, S. B. S., Hickey-Schultz, L., Cohen, D., Steiner, N., & Cope, S. (2012). Evaluation of the mental health benefits of yoga in a secondary school: a preliminary randomized controlled trial. The Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research39(1), 80–90.